In the Canaries, varieties of grapes and berries have survived that are extinguished in the rest of the world.
An important part of the viticulture inheritance in Spain, perhaps the most exotic, is found in the Canarian Archipell, where varieties of berries or grapes have survived, that are not found anywhere else, because the Canarian plantations were not affected by the filoxera disease, a plague that devastated the wine yards in Europe and rest of the world at the end of the XIX and beginning of the XX centuries.
The conjunction of the climate variety and volcanic grounds are favourable for the production of aromatic and very tasty wines.
Outstanding are, among others, some coasts that are considered autoctnous because they are preserved since the colonization time due to the absence of filoxera.
This berry is very common in Tenerife. It is a very scarce variety and disease resistant berry. The bunches are small and compact and the berries are little and round of black-bluish colour.
Used in diversities it supplies alcoholic wines with acidity touches. It is also used for mixing different varieties.
The varieties “Marmajuelo” or “Bermejuela” are grown only in the Canary Islands, and are outstanding for its aromatic richness. Among them we can find tropical aromas like maracuja and fig tree leaves.
They are white berries of middle and compact bunches, with elliptic form and yellow-greenish colour. They grow in sandy grounds of volcanic origin.
Wines with outstanding acidity and big volume in mouth and golden colour are produced.
The “Verdello” berries are a high aromatic degree and good acidity variety. The bunches are small, the berries middle sized and the flesh has a greenish colour. Their wines are aromatic and fruity, smooth in the taste and dense.
The “Malvasía” is one of the oldest varieties known, and was responsible for the elaboration of one of the most well known and extended wines in the world, the Canary Sack.
The bunches are middle sized and little compact, with small, round and fleshy berries. It is the most aromatic of the grapes on the archipell and it is used for the elaboration of sweet wines. The production is little and the stocks sensitive to disease.
The variety “Listán Negro” is an insular variety that is grown in all the islands. The plants are resistant to disease, vigorous and highly productive. The clusters are middle sized and compact and the berries round and black. These berries are specially indicated for the elaboration young and vintage wines.
The young red wines are fresh, aromatic and very fruity.
The “Listán Blanco” is made out of white berries, characterized by compact bunches of spherical grapes with a slight bitter taste. It is a little aromatic grape that grows in sandy and little developed grounds. It produces soft wines with little consistence and a yellow-greenish colour.
The young wines are average and neutral.
“Negromoll” or “Mulata” is a variety achieved and cultivated in the Canary Islands. It is a high productively plant with compact bunches. The berries are middle sized, oval and of black colour and the wines smooth, fresh and aromatic.
The “Tintilla” grapes are berries are not very well known and are only found on Tenerife. The plant is of low production and slow growing, resistant to diseases and plagues. Its bunches are big, the berries small, round of thin skin and dark colour. They are very aromatic wines, soft, acid and of large longevity.
“Vijariego” caste of white grapes is only found in Tenerife and Hierro. They are very productive, its bunches are thick and not very intense as far as aroma is concerned. They grow in sandy volcanic grounds and develop better in higher areas.
Its wines are fresh, fruity and straw yellow colour.
“Gual” are wines of early maturation, in little bunches and not very dense. They produce quality wines, alcoholic, tasty and with body. They are slightly sweet of golden yellow colour and very aromatic. This variety of berry is used in many other ways or to mix it with other autoctnous varieties of the Canarian Community. It is a variety of Tenerife itself, which is not cultivated in mainland Spain.
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