The Canarian wines were the main income source during three centuries.
The first grape fruit plants arrived on the island in the XV century with the Spanish conquerors and European colonizers, and thanks to the variety of its origins, the best wine stocks were introduced in the Canaries from Europe, which explains the variety richness existing on the islands.
The privileged geographical situation of the Canaries, as a joining point of three continents, favoured merchants, pirates and adventurers to discover and spread the delights of the Canarian wines. Particularly outstanding was the delicious Malvasía wine.
Between the XVI and the XVII centuries the Canarian wines played a very important role in the economy of the islands. Since this time the Canaries exported its famous “Canary Wine” to England and between the XVII and the XVIII the Canary wines reached their maximal splendour by exporting them to various continents.
The Malvasía wine was a luxury product that was served in the tables of the main European monarchies and in the banquets of noble and middle class people in Europe and Latin America. The Canary wines became the most important source of richness on the islands over three centuries.
The prestige that some of the varieties of the Canarian wines reached, like the Malvasía wine, was such, that masters of literature like Shakespeare, Góngora or Walter Scott mention them in their works.
During the XIX century the export of the Canarian wines started to decline due to legal custom and commercial tensions with Great Britain. The volcanic eruption in 1706 that ended with the town of Garachico, the main exporting port of the Canary wines, and the devastating plagues of Oídio and Mildiu in the XIX century put an end to this magnificent trade.
Nowadays the Canarian wines have recovered their splendorous past and the Canaries continue being a exceptional viticulture reserve that counts on more than 15,000 hectare of cultivated wine yards classified in ten origin denominations.
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